God the Father did not die, God the Son does not impute, and God the Spirit is not going to make it real

It is not our faith that imputes. It is God the Father who imputes.

I Corinthians 1: 2 8 God has chosen .. 30  It is from God the Father that you are in Christ Jesus, who became God-given wisdom for us—our righteousness, sanctification, and redemption,

 I don’t think that this text means that “Christ is the source of your life in Christ” or that “the Spirit is the source of your life in Christ”. It is God the Father who calls. It is God the Father who declares just those who were guilty. It is God the Father who imputes….

1. The Father is God.
2. The Son is God.
3. The Holy Spirit is God.
4. The Father is not the Son.
5. The Son is not the Holy Spirit.
6. The Holy Spirit is not the Father.
7. There is Only One God.

John 5: 21 Just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to anyone the Son wants to give life to. 22 The Father, in fact, judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son….

John 5: 24 Anyone who hears My word and believes Him who sent Me has lasting life and will not come under judgment but has passed from death to life. 25 “I assure you: An hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live.
26 For just as the Father has life in Himself, so also the Father has
granted to the Son to have life in Himself. 27 The Father has granted the Son the right to pass judgment, because He is the Son of Man.

Matthew 11: 27 All things have been entrusted to Me by My Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son wills to reveal the Father.

The Father does not do everything the Son does. The Son does not do everything the Father doe . The Holy Spirit does not do everything that the Father and the Son do.

Romans 1: 4 Jesus Christ our Lord,  a descendant of David, has been declared to be the powerful Son of God by the resurrection from the dead according to the Spirit of holiness.

2 Corinthians 5: 19 In Christ, God was reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them

Romans 4:16 The promise is through faith, in order that it be according to grace.
Romans 4:24-25 “Christ’s death will be counted to us who believe in Him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord, who was handed over because of our trespasses and raised up because of our justification.

God the Father imputes Christ’s death in time to individuals for whom Christ died.
God the Son does not impute God the Son’s death to us.
God the Father does not impute God the Father’s death to us.
God the Father did not die.

In Christ, God the Father was reconciling the word. In Christ, God the Father was and is and will be “not counting their trespasses against them.”

John 16: 8 When the Holy Spirit comes, the Holy Spirit will convict the world about sin, righteousness, and judgment: 9 About sin, the Holy Spirit will convict because they do not believe in Me. 10 About righteousness, the Holy Spirit will convict because I am going to the Father and you will no longer see Me. 11 About judgment, the Holy Spirit will convict because the ruler of this world has been judged.

When God imputes (legally transfers) Christ’s death to a person for whom Christ died, then God imputes (declares) that person really justified before God.  God counts the one who believes the gospel as justified before God. God did not count that person’s faith to be the same as (or equivalent to) Christ’s death.  That person’s faith is a result of Christ’s death for that person. I Peter 1: 18 You  were redeemed from your empty way of life inherited from your fathers, not with perishable things like silver or gold,
19 but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of an unblemished
and spotless lamb. 20 Christ was foreknown before the foundation of
the world but was revealed in these last times for YOU WHO THROUGH HIM BELIEVE in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so
that YOUR FAITH  and hope are in God.

Romans 3: 26 God presented Christ Jesus  as a propitiation through faith in His blood, to demonstrate God’s righteousness at the present TIME, in order that God would be righteous and DECLARE righteous the one who has FAITH IN Jesus.

Romans 3: 27 Where then is boasting? Boasting is excluded….A person is justified through  faith apart from the works of law. 31 Do we CANCEL any or lass law through faith? Absolutely not! On the contrary, we uphold law

Romans 4: 4 To the one who works, pay is not considered  a gift but as something owed. 5 But the one who BELIEVES ON HIM  who DECLARES the  UNGODLY  to be RIGHTEOUS is NOT THE ONE WHO WORKS

God justifies the ungodly. Abraham was ungodly when God justified Abraham

Romans 4: 2 If Abraham had been justified through works, Abraham had something to brag about.   But Abraham was a person who believed on HIM  who declares the  UNGODLY  to be justified

Romans 4:11 Abraham had  righteousness through faith while Abraham was still uncircumcised.

Galatians 2: 1 9  Through the law I died to the law, in order to  live
for God. 20 I have been crucified with Christ, and I no longer live,
but Christ lives with regard to me. The life I NOW LIFE  in the body,
I LIVE BY FAITH IN  the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself FOR
ME. 21 I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness comes
through (my law-keeping)  then Christ died for nothing.

Matthew 16: 24 Then Jesus said to his disciples, “If anyone wants to follow after me, let him deny HIMSELF , take up HIS cross, and follow me.  25 For whoever wants to save HIS LIFE  will lose HIS LIFE, but whoever loses his life because of me will find HIS LIFE 26 For what will it benefit someone if he gains the whole world yet loses HIS LIFE? Or what will anyone give in exchange for HIS LIFE?

Paul is not dead. Paul has found his life, by means of God the Father’s identification and imputation of Christ’s death as Paul’s death.

Galatians 1: 15 But God, who from my mother’s womb set me apart
and called me by his grace, was pleased 16 to reveal his Son in me

Galatians 1: 23 They kept hearing, “He who formerly persecuted us now
preaches the faith he once tried to destroy.” 24 And they glorified
God BECAUSE OF ME

In the context of Galatians 2:20-21, there is plenty explanation about both Christ’s atonement and Paul’s justification. Galatians 2: 16 No one is justified through works  but through faith in Jesus Christ.  And we have believed in Christ Jesus in order that we be justified through faith in Christ and not by works, because by works no human being will be justified

In Galatians 2:20, Paul is not saying that he is dead. Paul has been crucified with Christ (Gal 2:19), because Christ has died in Paul’s place. Christ bore penal justice instead of Paul bearing the curse. (Galatians 3:13).

God the Father did not bear Paul’s guilt. God the Holy Spirit did not bear Paul’s guilt. Paul himself bore Paul’s guilt until God the Father imputed the death of God the Son to Paul.

God the Son bore Paul’s guilt and died because of Paul’s guilt. God the Son no longer bears Paul’s guilt. Now that the death of God the Son has been imputed by God the Father to Paul, Paul also no longer bears that guilt.

Romans 16: 7 Greet Andronicus and Junia– they were also in Christ before me.

Romans 16: 25 Now to Him who is able to STRENGTHEN you according to my gospel and the proclamation about Jesus Christ, according to the
revelation of the mystery kept hidden for lasting ages past 26 but
now revealed and made known through the prophetic Scriptures,
according to the command of the  lasting God to advance the OBEDIENCE
OF FAITH  .

Christ being in us is not the same reality as us being in Christ, and
the Apostle Paul does not say that all the other elect are born again at the same time. Some of the elect were “in Him” before Paul was “in Him”. Some of the elect were justified before God before Paul was justified before God.

Romans 1: 18 God’s wrath is revealed from heaven against all
godlessness and unrighteousness of people who by their unrighteousness
suppress the truth, 19 since what can be known about God is evident
among them, because God has shown it to them. 20  God’s  invisible
attributes, that is, God’s lasting power and divine nature, have been
clearly seen since the creation of the world, being understood through
what  God has made. As a result, humans  are without excuse.”

I Corinthians 2:12 We have not received the spirit of the world. We have received the Spirit who comes from God, in order that we understand what has been freely given to us by God.

I Corinthians 2: 14 The natural person does not receive what comes from
God’s Spirit, because it is foolishness to him. The natural person is NOT ABLE to understand it

The crucifixion of the “old man” refers to a definitive break with the
past in Adam and is something God declares to be true of the elect
only when God justifies them by imputation. God transfers the justified
elect from Adam to Christ


Romans 6: 6 We know that our old self was crucified with Christ in order
that…we no longer be enslaved to sin, because a person who has died
is justified from sin.

God the Son as the elect person was always loved by God the Father.

God the Son as representative of elect sinners was once under the wrath of God. God the Son was imputed with the guilt of Paul the apostle.

Romans 6: 9-10 Christ, having been raised from the dead, will not die
again. Death NO LONGER rules over Christ . 10 Christ DIED TO SIN once
for all time

God’s purpose was for Christ to obtain righteousness. That does not
mean that the righteousness always timelessly existed.

If God does not see the difference between God’s purpose and what
God has in time brought in by Christ’s death as fulfillment of that
purpose, why make Romans 6 about regeneration? God DOES see the difference between God’s purpose and what God has in time brought in by Christ’s death. Romans 6 is about Christ under law in history accomplishing
reconciliation.

Some preachers claim falsely that God only elects people because they are
already imputed with Christ’s death. But God’s election in Christ was NOT based on Christ having died for some sinners. God the Son died only for those sinners God the Father elected in God the Son. Election is God’s love, and God’s love is not a result of justification but the cause for the death of God the Son.

If we were always justified and never condemned, then we never did become the righteousness of God in Christ.
If we were always the righteousness of God in Christ, then we never
had any guilt for our sins. If we never had any guilt for our sins, then  God the Father never imputed any guilt to God the Son who did not know sin.

Romans 6: 17 But thank God that, although you used to be slaves of sin, you obeyed from the heart that pattern of teaching to which you were transferred.

 20  When you were free from submission to righteousness the fruit of those things was death. 22 But NOW , since you HAVE BEEN liberated from sin and have become enslaved to God,  the end is lasting life. 23 Because the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is lasting life in Christ Jesus our Lord.







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17 Comments on “God the Father did not die, God the Son does not impute, and God the Spirit is not going to make it real”

  1. Mark Mcculley Says:

    The phrase “Christ lives in me” is often only understood in a vitalistic sense. God the Spirit is confused with God the Son. God the Son indwelling us is the same as God the Holy Spirit indwelling us. I Corinthians 15: 45 So it is written: The first man Adam became a living being. The last Adam became a life-giving Spirit. 2 Corinthians 3: 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom https://markmcculley.wordpress.com/2013/09/11/lane-tipton-is-it-the-work-of-the-holy-spirit-which-gives-reality-to-imputation/

    DA Carson–The literature on this subject is of course extensive and complex. In this collection, see the essay by Bruce McCormack, “What’s at Stake in Current Debates Over Justification? The Crisis of Protestantism in the West.” Hence the NIV’s paraphrastic but certainly idiomatic and faithful “BECAUSE OF ME, Paul is so identified with Christ that he can say that he was crucified with Christ. But so also with respect to Paul’s life. “I no longer live,” he writes, not because there is no sense in which he is living, but because “Christ lives with respect to me

    So great is his identity with Christ that, as he has been crucified
    with Christ, so also Christ’s life is his. But as this does not mean
    that Paul is literally dead, so it does not mean that there is no
    sense in which he can speak of himself living. That is why he
    immediately goes on to say, “And the life I live in the flesh, I live
    by faith [note the instrumental force of e0n pi/stei] in the Son of
    God who loved me and gave himself for me”—which brings us back to Christ’s substitutionary death.

    Click to access 2004_vindication_of_imputation.pdf

  2. David Bishop Says:

    Rom 8
    And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified.

    If the Son and the Spirit do not also impute, then how is their anger with the elect’s sins propitiated? Rom 1:4 says He was declared; that is, justified. It doesn’t say He was imputed the Son of God.

    • markmcculley Says:

      Lee Irons–The two titles, “Son of God” and “Messiah,” are not equivalent in the Gospels. I do not take “the Spirit of holiness” as denoting the divine nature
      of Christ but rather the Holy Spirit. The divine nature of Christ is denoted by the term “Son of God.”

      https://upper-register.typepad.com/blog/romans-13-4/

      While perhaps Paul thought of Jesus in the flesh as the “Son” descended from David, this does not necessarily mean that he thought of him as king before the resurrection. The Davidic descent is widely emphasized in the Gospels, and he is declared to be the “beloved Son” at his water baptism. But a descendant of David is not automatically a king of Israel. He needs to be crowned as king, and presumably Paul’s point is that Jesus the descendant of David, while being a Son in another sense, became king through his resurrection from the dead.

      But this narrative says nothing about Jesus being “divine”, in the sense of being God, either before or after the resurrection. He simply goes from being a descendant of David according to the flesh to “Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness”. He now has a glorious resurrection body, he is seated at the right hand of God as king, but he is still a man, the “first-fruits of those who have fallen asleep”, the “last Adam” (1 Cor. 15:20, 45).

      Romans 1:4 God’s Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was a descendant of David according to the flesh 4 has been appointed to be the powerful Son of God by the resurrection from the dead according to the Spirit of holiness.

      appointed and anointed

      Acts 10: 42 God raised up this man and commanded us to solemnly testify that He is the One APPOINTED BY God to be the Judge of the living and the dead. 43 All the prophets testify about Him that through His name everyone who BELIEVES IN Him will receive forgiveness of sins.”

      Acts 13: 33 God has fulfilled this promise by raising up Jesus, as it is written in the second Psalm:
      You are My Son; today I have become Your Father.

      Acts 17: 30 God now commands all people everywhere to repent, 31 because God has set a day when God is going to judge the world in righteousness by the Man God has APPOINTED . God has provided proof of this to everyone by raising the Man from the dead.”

      Hebrews 1: 4 So He BECAME higher in rank than the angels, just as the name He inherited is superior to theirs. 5 For to which of the angels did He ever say, You are My Son; today I have become Your Father, or again, I will be His Father, and He will be My Son? 6 When He again brings His firstborn into the world, He says, And all God’s angels must worship Him.7 And about the angels He says: He makes His angels a fiery flame, 8 but to the Son: Your throne, God, is lasting and Your kingdom is justice. 9 This is why God, Your God, has ANOINTED You

    • markmcculley Says:

      if we just keep to the Romans text, we can make out the distinction of persons.

      God’s OWN SON has always been God the Father. God the Father has always been FATHER of God the Son.

      Romans 8: 29 For those God foreknew God also predestined to be conformed to the image of GOD’S SON, in order that GOD’S SON would be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. 30 And those God predestined, God also called; and those God called, God also justified; and those God justified, God also glorified.

      Romans 8:32 God did not even spare God’s OWN SON own Son but gave God’s OWN SON up. How will God not also with God’s OWN SON grant us everything?

      Romans 8:3 God condemned sin in the flesh by sending God’s OWN SON in the likeness of sinful flesh as a sin offering for sins

      Romans 5:10 For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of GOD’S SON, then how much more, HAVING BEEN reconciled, will we be saved by the resurrection of God’s Son

      Romans 1–the gospel of God concerning God’s Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was a descendant of David according to the flesh 4 and was appointed to be the powerful Son of God according to the Spirit of holiness by the resurrection of the dead.

    • Mark Mcculley Says:

      We must critique  how theologians speak of and ground the pactum salutis (‘THE COVENANT OF REDEMPTION”. For several theologians, the distinct roles assumed by the Trinity in the economy are grounded in voluntary decisions made in eternity such that the distinguishing properties and characteristics of the persons are, in effect, an economic
      undertaking

      https://credomag.com/2013/04/calvin-classical-trinitarianism-and-the-aseity-of-the-son/

      Letham– “To describe the relations of the three persons in the Trinity as a covenant, or to affirm that there as a need for them to enter into covenantal arrangements is to open the door to heresy. The will of the Trinity is one; the works of the Trinity are indivisible. For all the good intentions of those who proposed it, the construal of the relations of the three persons of the Trinity in covenantal terms is a departure from classic Trinitarian orthodoxy.”

  3. Mark Mcculley Says:

    David, thanks. I think there are two good questions in your question.
    One is about the meaning of “imputed”, because imputation involves sometimes only declaration and at other times “imputation” involves also legal transfer.

    The Bible sometimes has imputation without transfer. For example,
    Psalm 106: 30-31 tells us that “Phinehas stood up and intervened and the plague was stopped and that was counted to him as righteousness.” Nobody replaced Phinehas or did his killing work for him, nor is the idea that something not really righteous got counted as righteous.

    God counted Phinehas killing the two people as righteousness because it was righteousness (according to the positive law of the Abrahamic and Mosaic covenants promoting segregation) But the story of Phinehas is not gospel, because it has no transfer to or from Jesus Christ.

    God is righteous always and God imputes righteousness for what it is.

    The Bible also has another imputation, and transfer, and still no
    justification. This is an imputation that results in CONDEMNATION.
    Here, I am talking about God’s imputation of the guilt of Adam’s first
    sin to all humans, including the elect.

    When the sin of Adam is transferred to every human person (not when they are teenagers but when they are born), this transfer of guilt is not good news. God does not transfer the guilt of Adam to us because we are united to Adam in sharing the same nature. Rather, we share in Adam’s corruption and inability because God imputes Adam’s guilt to us, and thus we are born condemned

    One more example about the meaning of imputation, this time a
    declaration but without a transfer. Romans 3:3 Does their faithfulness
    nullify the faithfulness of God. By no means. Declare God to be true.

    We impute God to be true because God is true. We count God to be true because God is true. Much more could be said about this, but I want to get to the second question.
    First answer– we need to remember two meanings for imputation. The righteousness of Christ is not God counting the righteousness. The righteousness of Christ is what God counts (Christ’s death) . The righteousness and the imputation of the righteousness are not the same thing. Three different “things” . One, the righteousness accomplished objectively. Two, imputation meaning the transfer, the
    legal sharing of what belongs to another. Three, imputation meaning the declaration by God.

    The second question is about God’s agency. I know we agree that God the Spirit is God and that what God the Spirit does is what God does. Also we agree that what God the Son does is what God does. The second question and answer is about the three persons.

    For example, who does the effectual calling? Who does regeneration? Does God the Father do the calling, with God the Spirit doing the regeneration? Again, perhaps we agree that regeneration through the gospel is not different from effectual calling through the gospel. Even also that God the Father calls by and with both the gospel and the Holy Spirit….
    Not to go in all directions– if we stick to the topic of who is doing
    the legal transfer? Who is doing the declaration, we get back to WHO JUSTIFIED Christ?

    Agreeing that Christ was under condemnation (through transfer of the guilt of the elect), who vindicated Christ? Who raised Christ from
    the dead.? if we agree to put aside for later “I lay down my life and
    I take up my life again”, did God the Father justify God the Son
    through God the Spirit?

    Romans 1 The gospel is about God the Son, Jesus Christ the Lord, who was a descendant of David according to his humanity and who has been declared to be just by resurrection from the dead

    I Timothy 3: 6 the mystery of godliness is great:
    God the Son was manifested in the flesh,
    vindicated in the Spirit,
    seen by angels,
    preached among the nations,
    believed on in the world,
    taken up in glory.

    I want to take a break for now (also give you time to respond to what I have written so far) but I will add that the question of the Holy
    Spirit’s involvement also comes up with at least one verse in regard
    to the justification of the ungodly.

    I Corinthians 6: 11 you used to be like this. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus
    Christ AND BY THE SPIRIT OF OUR GOD

    • David Bishop Says:

      Sorry for not getting back to you earlier. My 71 year old mom got diagnosed with Covid on Wednesday. We’ve been monitoring her.

      What I’m asking is, or maybe what I’m saying is all three Persons had to be propitiated, right? It’s not only the Father who had to be propitiated. Assuming you agree that all three had to be propitiated, then wouldn’t all three have to impute Adam’s sin to the elect, and then Christ’s death to the elect?

      • David Bishop Says:

        I say they would have had to have imputed Adam’s sin to the elect, because otherwise not all three would have had to have been propitiated, in which case not all three would have wrath for unrighteous men.

      • Alien Pebble Says:

        David,

        I hope your mom is doing well.

        1) You speak as if Father, Son, Holy Spirit are three plaintiffs in the lawsuit against sinners, but they are only one plaintiff.

        If the Father is angered or satisfied in anger, then so is the Son and the Spirit, automatically.

        2) I think this question is related to your view of Trinity. On a Facebook thread against modalism, you wrote that

        “So why then can the Son do nothing of Himself? Why can He only do what He seeth the Father do? The answer is because the Son loves the Father.”

        “This love is what so deeply impressed the apostle John. The Son, who is equally God, Sovereign, Creator, supreme judge of the universe so perfectly loves the Father that He could say in the garden of Gethsemane on the night of His arrest, “Not My will, but Yours be done.””

        “That is, though the three Persons are three in love, will, self consciousness and act (the Father did not become flesh, the Spirit did not become flesh, only the Son became flesh), yet they are also one in nature.”

        I responded:

        Will belongs to nature not person, else either Christ becomes two persons or Christ doesn’t have a human will.

        In the Garden of Gethsemane it’s Christ’s human will submitting to Father’s will which is also Christ’s divine will.

        This is actually the understanding of the “church fathers” in case you care: https://www.csmedia1.com/paramountchurch.com/butner-efs-and-divine-will-jets-2015.pdf

        Tianqi Wu

      • David Bishop Says:

        For some reason it won’t let me reply to Tianqi’s comment. There is no Reply button at the bottom of his comment.

        Turretin — “One essence, substance, or ousia naturally following from the indivisibility of the ousia of God. Hence, there can be no subordination of one Person to another with respect to essential being. The mind of the worshiper will not be distracted by the consideration that there are three Divine persons, if he remembers that the whole Divine essence is in each of the persons, so that if he worships one he worships all.”

        What am I missing here? Did Mark not argue in his essay that the Father, and not instead the Son or the Spirit, imputes? Does this not divide the one united holiness, righteousness, love and truth of God?

        In other words, would it not be true to say God imputes, rather than the Father and not instead the Son and the Spirit imputes?

      • Mark Mcculley Says:

        Galatians 4: 4  When the TIME came to completion, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those under the law, in order that we receive adoption 6 And because you are adopted, God has sent the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, “Abba, Father”

        Galatians 3: You before whose eyes Jesus Christ was portrayed as crucified.  You received the Spirit  by hearing with faith.   God supplies you with the Spirit

        Ephesians 1: 3 Praise the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ

        Ephesians 1: 13   WHEN you heard the MESSAGE of truth, the gospel of YOUR salvation, and WHEN you BELIEVED IN HIM, you were also sealed with the promised Holy Spirit,  the down payment of our inheritance, for the redemption of the possession

        2 Thessalonians 2: 13  God has chosen you for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and through belief in the truth.

        https://www.galaxie.com/article/sbjt10-1-02

        https://equip.sbts.edu/publications/journals/journal-of-theology/the-son-and-the-spirit-the-promise-and-peril-of-spirit-christology/

  4. Mark Mcculley Says:

    Three persons, one God. I am not finding the grammar or logic that “all three had to be propitiated, therefore all three had to count sin or be propitiated (either being appeased by the propitiation or counting the propitiation”. This is no more necessary than saying “because all three persons are God, all three persons need to die in order to make the propitiation.” Or “because all three persons are God, when God the Son ascends , all three persons need to be sent to point to the death and resurrection of God the Son.”

    God the Son is always God, but only God the Son dies. God the Father gives God the Son to die, but God the Father does not die. God the Son lives and die by the power of God the Spirit, but God the Spirit does not die.

    Of course we do not know and understand how God the Son (both God and man in one person) was able to die. But in this case, if we just keep to the Romans text, we can make out the distinction of persons.

    God’s OWN SON has always been God the Father. God the Father has always been FATHER of God the Son.

    Romans 8: 29 For those God foreknew God also predestined to be conformed to the image of GOD’S SON, in order that GOD’S SON  would be the firstborn among many brothers and sisters. 30 And those God predestined, God also called; and those God called, God also justified; and those God justified, God also glorified.

    Romans 8:32 God did not even spare God’s OWN SON own Son but gave God’s OWN SON up.   How will God not also with God’s OWN SON  grant us everything?

    Romans 8: 3 God condemned sin in the flesh by sending God’s OWN SON in the likeness of sinful flesh as a sin offering for sins

    Romans 5:10 For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of GOD’S SON, then how much more,  HAVING BEEN reconciled, will we be saved by the resurrection of God’s Son

    Romans 1:  the gospel of God concerning God’s Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who was a descendant of David according to the flesh 4 and was appointed to be the powerful Son of God according to the Spirit of holiness by the resurrection of the dead.

    https://www.challies.com/resources/take-a-test-on-the-trinity/

    Paul’s message in Acts 13

    13: 28 Though they found no grounds for the death sentence, they asked Pilate the power of law and order to have Jesus killed. 29 When they had carried out all that had been written about him, they took him down from the tree and put him in a tomb. 30 But GOD raised him from the dead, 31 and Jesus appeared for many days to those who came up with him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are now his WITNESSES. 32 And we ourselves proclaim to you the good news of the promise that was made to our fathers. 33 God has fulfilled this promise for us, their children, by raising up Jesus, as it is written in the second Psalm:
    You are my Son;
    today I have become your Father.

    Hebrews 13 Now may the God of peace, who brought up from the dead our Lord Jesus—the great Shepherd of the sheep—through the blood of the lasting covenant, 21 equip you with everything good to do God’s will, working in us what is pleasing in God’s sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever

    Ephesians 1: 18 I pray that the eyes of your heart be enlightened in order  that you  KNOW what is the hope of God’s calling, what is the wealth of God’s glorious inheritance in the saints, 19 and what is the immeasurable greatness of God’s power toward us who believe, according to the mighty working of God’s strength.
    20 God exercised this power in Christ by raising Christ from the dead and seating Christ at God’s right hand in the heavens— 21 far above every ruler and authority, power and dominion, and every title given, not only in this age but also in the one to come.

  5. Mark Mcculley Says:

    God the Son being declared God the Son is not the same thing as God the Son being imputed with the sin of all the ungodly elect. Because of these sins, Christ had to die. Because of the certain justification of the ungodly sinners for whom Christ died, Christ had to be raised from the dead with power “in Adam all” in Romans is all the elect in Adam . Romans 6:7 means “justified from sin” . We can know all that without even having an opinion on Romans 7.

    John 10:17 the Father loves Me, because I am LAYING DOWN MY LIFE in order that I TAKE UP MY LIFE AGAIN

    John 14: 2 I am going away to prepare a place for you. 3 If I go away
    and prepare a place for you, I will come back and receive you to
    Myself, so that where I am you will be also. 4 You know the way to
    where I am going.” 5 “Lord,” Thomas said, “we don’t know where You’re going. How can we know the way?” 6 Jesus told him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.

    Where is God the Son going to prepare a place?
    God the Son is going to the cross to die.

    God (the Father, also God Son and God the Holy Spirit) could not be
    righteous, if God justified ungodly elect sinners, UNLESS God
    incarnate (God the Son) died for these sinners

    for God to be justified while God is also justifying the ungodly, God
    the Son had to become “the righteousness from God”

    John 14:9 The one who has seen Me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10 Don’t you believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me? The words I speak to you I do not speak on My own. The Father who lives in Me does His works. 11 Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me.

    John 14: 29 –‘I am going away AND I am coming to you.’ If you loved Me, you would have rejoiced that I am going to the Father….the ruler of the world is coming. The ruler of the world has no power over Me. 31 On the contrary, I am going away in order that the world know that I love the Father. As the FATHER COMMANDED ME, so I do.

  6. Mark Mcculley Says:

    Is God the Holy Spirit the mediator of the new covenant?

    Is God the Father the mediator of the new covenant?

    Hebrews 7:22 Jesus was made a surety of a better testament.

    Hebrews 9:16 Where a testament is, there must also of necessity be
    the death of the testator.

  7. Mark Mcculley Says:

    Bavinck—“Christ is a gift of love from the Father and that love precedes the sending of the Son. The Son did not move the Father to forgiveness, because electing love originated with the Father Himself.” 2:365

    I John 4: 9 God’s love was revealed among us in this way: God sent His One and Only Son into the world in order that we would live through Him. 10 Love consists in this: not that we loved God, but that God loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins

    Romans 5:10 while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son

    I Peter 1: 18 For you know that you were redeemed from your empty way of life inherited from the fathers, not with perishable things like silver or gold, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without defect or blemish. 20 CHRIST WAS CHOSEN before the ages but was revealed at the end of the ages for you 21 who through Christ are believers in God, who raised Christ from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.

  8. Mark Mcculley Says:

    Westminster Confession 8:2   The Son of God, the second person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance and equal with the Father, did, when the fullness of time was come, take upon Him man’s nature,with all the essential properties, and common infirmities thereof, yet without sin,  being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the womb of the virgin Mary, of her substance,  So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion,  Which person is very God, and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man

    I Timothy 2: 5 For there is one God and one mediator between God and humans Christ Jesus, Himself human,

    https://www.blueletterbible.org/study/ccc/westminster/Of_Christ_The_Mediator.cfm

    Gordon Clark—-Thus the beginning of the Son occurs, and the Son as a person exists, by a necessity of the divine will—(not by the divine  will, but by the nature of the divine will)

    Hanko–Origen also made the generation of the Son an act of the divine will, and Origen was clear enough in his thinking to recognize that this implied a certain subordination of the Son to the Father.

    Clark makes all the works of God which God performs outside His own divine being to be “necessary works”.

    Hanko–But there is no contradiction between the two propositions. 1. God’s will lasts forever.  2. God’s will is sovereignly free.

    https://drive.google.com/file/d/1ngXPKxsrlSt7LRTxuOeKIqM8I6es2wmC/view?fbclid=IwAR30ASZO4R8GFu8TUvabWKkyjbzxKJYXBjEJuHTy56MJM5aroFwY1ulo2wI

  9. Mark Mcculley Says:

    John 7: 37 On the last and most important day of the festival, Jesus stood up and cried out, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. 38 The one who believes in me, as the Scripture has said, will have streams of living water flow from deep within him.”
    39 Those who believed in Jesus were going to receive the Spirit, because  the Spirit had not yet been given because Jesus had not yet been glorified.

    Click to access 30.1_Hamilton.pdf


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