The Gospel Does Not Tell Sinners who the Elect Are; The Gospel Tells Sinners about Election
Warnock tells us (p141) that “we are saved not only by believing the fact that Christ died for our sins, but by union with the crucified and risen Savour.” But it is not a fact of the gospel tells any particular sinner that Christ died for their sins. The gospel does not tell sinners who the elect are; the gospel tells sinners about election.
Election means that one aspect of the “union” of the elect in Christ is at work already at the cross, long before (or after) they are justified, Christ paid by death for their sins. Faith does not make this union happen.
Many evangelicals seem to assume that God-given faith does make the union to happen. That’s why they talk about giving Jesus their sins.
On p 217, Warnock argues for the giving of the Spirit as a second blessing to be experienced after believing the gospel: “ it would be circular to interpret ‘believe and you will receive a work of the Spirit automatically without you being aware of it’, the main effect of which is to cause you to believe.” His unquestioned assumption is that God-given faith is the cause of the first salvation.
We must talk about election, and not only when we talk about the order of salvation by which an elect person gets credited with Christ’s righteousness. We must talk about election also when we think of the history of redemption and what Christ did and for whom Christ died.
Galatians 3:13-14 —“Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham would come to the Gentiles, so that they would receive the Spirit through faith.” As Bruce McCormack has so ably pointed out ( What’s At Stake in Justification), regeneration does not precede justification in this redemptive-historical text. If union is by legal imputation, the forensic is the cause of the life and efficacy of faith connected with justification. The righteousness imputed causes the hearing of the gospel. It’s not some active “believing is working” that causes the righteousness to be imputed or to be effective.
The Galatians 3 text does not start with believing to get justified, and it does not end with believing more to get the Spirit more. Galatians 3 starts with “before your eyes Christ publicly portrayed as crucified.” The opposition between works of the law and hearing by faith has everything to do with the object of faith legally constituting those who then hear.
Yes, there is a promise of the Spirit through faith, but that is because first “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law” SO THAT this will happen. Not so that it might happen, if conditionally…. The blessing promised to Abraham is the gift of the Holy Spirit, and the elect are those promised that blessing.